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May 08 2011

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Red and black Grosbeak (Periporphyrus erythromelas)

Red-and-black Grosbeak

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Emberizidae | [latin] Periporphyrus erythromelas | [UK] Red-and-black Grosbeak | [FR] Cardinal erythromele | [DE] Schwarzkopfkardinal | [ES] Piquigordo Rojinegro | [IT] Beccogrosso rosso e nero | [NL] Roodzwarte Kardinaal

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Saltator erythromelas
Periporphyrus erythromelas SA n Amazonia

Physical charateristics

Huge blackish bill, the male has a black haed and throat, is carmine above and all red below. The fgemale has the same pattern but is olive above and yellow below.

Listen to the sound of Red-and-black Grosbeak

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/R/Red-and-black Grosbeak.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 16 cm size max.: 17 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  

Range

It is found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.

Habitat

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. Prefers lower and middle strata of hilly rainforest.

Reproduction

No data

Feeding habits

Mostly berries and fruits, will also take insects. Forages in small flocks.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 880,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers), even though the species is described as ‘uncommon’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Red-and-black Grosbeak status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Red-and-black Grosbeak range map

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