|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
larger than a Robin. Bold white spots in wings and tail; whitish or dull gray underparts; black necklace. Widespread east of the Rockies, but expanding northwestward.
Listen to the sound of Blue Jay
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||34||cm||wingspan max.:||43||cm|
|size min.:||25||cm||size max.:||30||cm|
|incubation min.:||17||days||incubation max.:||18||days|
|fledging min.:||17||days||fledging max.:||21||days|
oiding purely coniferous forest. May be in fairly low or scrubby forest in southern part of range. Favors habitat with many oak or beech trees. Often common in well-wooded suburbs or city parks.
Nest: Site is in tree (either coniferous or deciduous), placed in vertical crotch of trunk or at horizontal fork in limb well out from trunk; usually 8-30′ above ground, sometimes 5-
50′ up. Nest (built by both sexes) is a bulky open cup made of twigs, grass, weeds, bark strips, moss, sometimes held together with mud. Nest is lined with rootlets and other fine materials, often decorated with paper, rags, string, or other debris.
Eggs: 4-5, sometimes 3-7. Greenish or buff, sometimes pale blue, spotted with brown and gray. Incubation is by both parents (but female does more), about 16-18 days.
Young: Both parents bring food for nestlings. Young leave nest 17-21 days after hatching.
Most of diet is vegetable matter, especially in winter, including acorns, beechnuts, and other nuts, many kinds of seeds, grain, berries, small fruits, sometimes cultivated fruits. Eats many insects, especially caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers, and ot
hers; also eats spiders, snails, birds’ eggs, sometimes small rodents, frogs, baby birds, carrion, other items.
Behavior: Forages in trees and shrubs and on ground. Comes to feeders for seeds or suet. Pounds on hard nuts or seeds with bill to break them open. Will harvest acorns and store them in holes.