|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Rhynchophanes||mccownii||NA||c||to n Mexico|
Sparrowlike; note the tail pattern (an inverted T of black on white).
Listen to the sound of McCowns Longspur
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||25||cm||wingspan max.:||28||cm|
|size min.:||14||cm||size max.:||16||cm|
|incubation min.:||11||days||incubation max.:||12||days|
|fledging min.:||10||days||fledging max.:||11||days|
on bare soil such as dry lake beds, plowed fields. At all seasons, favors shorter grass and more open ground than that chosen by Chestnut-collared Longspurs occurring in same region.
On open ground, usually placed very close to a large grass clump or weed, small shrub, dried cow manure, or other object. Nest is built by female in slight depression in ground, an open cup made mostly of grass, sometimes with weeds, rootlets, and lichen
s added, lined with fine grass, plant fibers, hair.
Eggs: 2-4, sometimes 5, perhaps rarely 6. White to pale olive, marked with brown and lavender. Incubation is by female only, about 12 days.
Young: Both parents feed the nestlings. Young leave nest about 10 days after hatching; can run well but fly only poorly until a few days later.
Seeds make up more than half of summer diet of adults, and most of winter diet; included are seeds of grasses, weeds, sedges, shrubs. Also eats many insects, especially in summer, including grasshoppers, caterpillars, ants, moths, and others. Young are f
ed mostly insects.
ages while running and walking on ground, picking up items from soil or from plant stems. Will actively chase insects (such as grasshoppers) flushed from ground, sometimes pursuing them in short flights. Except during nesting season, usually forages in fl
Migrates in flocks. Northward migration begins by early spring; southward migration spread over much of fall. Rarely strays west to Pacific Coast, accidental east of Great Plains.