Forced copulation in captive mallards (Anas platyrhynchos): II. temporal factors

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) Science Article 12

abstract

A study of temporal trends in forced copulation was conducted in flight-pens with eight pairs of captive mallards to test the hypothesis that forced copulation is an evolved breeding strategy in waterfowl.

Cheng, K. M.; Burns, J. T.; McKinney, F., Animal Behaviour 30:695-699

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