|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Rallus||limicola||friedmanni||sc and se Mexico|
|Rallus||limicola||limicola||s Canada, USA||to Guatemala|
bill. Grown young in late summer show much black.
Listen to the sound of Virginia Rail
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||33||cm||wingspan max.:||37||cm|
|size min.:||20||cm||size max.:||26||cm|
|incubation min.:||18||days||incubation max.:||20||days|
|fledging min.:||23||days||fledging max.:||27||days|
is species and Sora breed in the same marshes, Virginia Rail typically places its nest in drier spots. Often moves into salt marshes in winter. During migration, sometimes found in odd spots, even city streets.
Nest: Site is in marsh, in dry area or over very shallow water, placed a few inches up in dense clump of vegetation. Nest (built by both sexes) is platform of cattails, reeds, grasses, usually with living plants forming a canopy over it.
Eggs: 5-13. Pale buff, lightly spotted with brown and gray. Incubation is by both parents, about 18-20 days.
Downy young leave nest soon after hatching. Both parents feed young and brood them while they are small. Family remains on breeding territory until chicks are full-grown, then adults may depart, while young remain. Chicks are fed by parents until they ar
e 2-3 weeks old, then become independent; are able to fly at about 25 days.
Feeds on a wide variety of aquatic insects and their larvae, especially beetles, flies, dragonflies, many others. Also eats crayfish, earthworms, snails, slugs, a few small fish. Seeds may be important in diet at times.
Behavior: Forages by probing in mud or shallow water, picking items from ground or from plants, or stalking small creatures and capturing them with a swift thrust of the bill.
Migration: Some in west may be permanent residents. Most migrate as far as southern United States, northern Mexico; some as far as Guatemala. Another race is resident in South America.