Marail Guan (Penelope marail)

Marail Guan

[order] Galliformes | [family] Cracidae | [latin] Penelope marail | [UK] Marail Guan | [FR] Penelope marail | [DE] Marailguan | [ES] Pava Marail | [IT] Penelope di foresta | [NL] Marail-sjakohoen

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Penelope marail SA n
Penelope marail jacupeba se Venezuela, n Brazil
Penelope marail marail e Venezuela, the Guianas

Physical charateristics

Back, tail and central tail feathers olive green. Outer wing feathers bluish black. Has a conspicuous red throat-pouch. Sexes are similar

Listen to the sound of Marail Guan

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/M/Marail Guan.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 63 cm size max.: 68 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

Range: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela

Habitat

Dense rain forest in proximity of water. Also in second growth, partly on the ground and partly in trees..

Reproduction

A cup like nest is built in a fork high up in a tree. Clutch size is 2-3 eggs which are incubated for about 29 days.

Feeding habits

This guan preys only occasionally uppon insects or other invertebrates and feeds almost exclusively on fruits the seeds of which it disseminates. It looks for fruits both in the canopy and in the understorey. Most ingested fruits are black or yellow, soft-skinned, thick fleshy or with a juicy soft pump, and less than 30 mn wide.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 1,200,000 km

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