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May 08 2011

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White necked Puffbird (Notharchus macrorhynchos)

White-necked Puffbird

[order] Galbuliformes | [family] Bucconidae | [latin] Notharchus macrorhynchos | [UK] White-necked Puffbird | [FR] Tamatia a gros bec | [DE] Weisshals-Faulvogel | [ES] Buco Collarejo | [IT] Bucco beccogrosso | [NL] Witnek-Baardkoekoek

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Notharchus hyperrhynchus LA El Salvador to ne Argentina
Notharchus hyperrhynchus cryptoleucus El Salvador and nw Nicaragua
Notharchus hyperrhynchus hyperrhynchus s Mexico to nw South America
Notharchus hyperrhynchus paraensis e Brazil

Physical charateristics

White-necked Puffbirds are identified by their white forehead and wide, glossy black breast band. They have glossy black-blue upperparts, a white collar, throat, sides of face, and belly. The bill is black, also variable dark barring on the flanks, with a narrow tail having white tips, legs are black.

Listen to the sound of White-necked Puffbird

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Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

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Range

Ranges from Mexico in Central America to Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and northern and western Brazil (to the Amazon River) in South America.

Habitat

White-necked puffbirds live in mostly humid to semi-arid (somewhat dry) secondary forests, mixed pine and oak woods, forest edges and clearings, and plantations.

Reproduction

The mating pair defends their territory. They do not migrate. White-necked puffbirds spend much of their time perching without motion on high open branches. Female and male pairs dig nests in former termite nests built in trees usually 12 to 15 meters above ground, but can range from 3 to 18 meters. Holes in the ground are also used as nests. Information about clutch size, incubation and fldeging are not known.

Feeding habits

Their diet consists of large insects and small vertebrates, along with some vegetable materials. They hunt from the ground (ant-armies) to the tops of the trees. Bashes prey agains branch before consuming.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 876,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as “fairly common” in at least parts of its range1. Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
White-necked Puffbird status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

White-necked Puffbird range map

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