|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Crotophaga||sulcirostris||LA||Mexico to Guyana and nw Argentina|
Listen to the sound of Groove-billed Ani
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||43||cm||wingspan max.:||45||cm|
|size min.:||33||cm||size max.:||37||cm|
|incubation min.:||13||days||incubation max.:||15||days|
|fledging min.:||7||days||fledging max.:||10||days|
In the United States, found mostly where dense thickets are next to open grassland, pastures, or marshes, or at edges of low riverside woods. In the tropics, inhabits any kind of semi-open country in the lowlands, avoiding unbroken forest.
Nest: Site is in low tree, usually 5-15′ above ground, sometimes lower or higher. Nest (built by both sexes) is bulky and bowl-shaped, made of twigs, lined with green leaves.
Eggs: 3-4 (perhaps sometimes more) laid by each female in group. Eggs pale blue. Females may attempt to throw out each other’s eggs. Incubation by all adults in group (dominant male incubates at night), 13-14 days.
Young: Fed by all adults in group. Young climb out of nest after about 6-7 days, can fly poorly at about 10 days, can fly well at about 17 days. Sometimes 2 broods per year.
asshoppers, beetles, and others. May take external parasites from cattle. Also eats spiders, lizards, other small creatures. Will feed on small fruits and berries.
Forages mostly by hopping and running on the ground; will also forage in bushes, especially to eat berries. Often associates closely with cattle in open pastures, catching the insects flushed by the larger animals. Similarly, at edges of tropical forest,
will follow swarms of army ants to eat insects or other creatures flushed by the ants.
und in southern Texas, but more common there in summer. In winter, small numbers move north and east along Gulf Coast. Sometimes strays well north of breeding range, especially in fall.