|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Zenaida||asiatica||NA, MA||sw USA to Panama, also Greater Antilles|
|Zenaida||asiatica||asiatica||s USA to Nicaragua, West Indies|
|Zenaida||asiatica||australis||W Costa Rica, w Panama|
|Zenaida||asiatica||mearnsi||sw USA, w Mexico|
Listen to the sound of White-winged Dove
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||43||cm||wingspan max.:||46||cm|
|size min.:||28||cm||size max.:||30||cm|
|incubation min.:||15||days||incubation max.:||20||days|
|fledging min.:||13||days||fledging max.:||18||days|
Found in a variety of semi-open habitats in the Southwest, including native brushlands in Texas and deserts farther west, plus chaparral and open oak woods; also adapts quickly to altered habitats, such as farmland, suburbs, citrus groves, plantings of t
rees in grassland. In winter, those remaining north of Mexico are mostly in towns.
Nest: Site is in shrub, tree, or cactus, usually 4-
30′ above ground. Placed on horizontal limb or fork, sometimes on top of old nest or on tangle of thorns. Nest is a flimsy platform of sticks. Male brings most material, female builds.
Eggs: 2, sometimes 1-4. White to very pale buff. Incubation is by both parents, 13-14 days.
Young: Fed by both parents. The c
rop (enlarged area of upper esophagus) in adults secretes “pigeon milk”; young consume this alone for first few days, then increasing numbers of seeds mixed into food regurgitated by parent. Young leave nest at about 13-
16 days, are fed by parents for some time thereafter. 2-3 broods per year.
Feeds on seeds of many wild plants, also some cultivated grains; may eat acorns where available. Feeds on fruits, especially those of cactus, also smaller berries. Will come to large flowers, apparently for nectar.
Forages mostly on ground, also up in trees, shrubs, cactus. Often seen at top of giant saguaro cactus, feeding on fruit or flowers (may get much of its water that way in desert areas). Regularly swallows grit (small gravel) to aid in digestion of hard se
Migration: Most of those nesting in Southwest depart in fall. A few remain through winter north of the border, especially in suburban areas. Strays sometimes wande
r far north. Regular along Gulf Coast in winter. Florida birds mostly permanent residents.