[order] Columbiformes | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Patagioenas subvinacea | [UK] Ruddy Pigeon | [FR] Pigeon vineux | [DE] Purpurtaube | [ES] Paloma Vinosa | [IT] Colomba rossastra | [NL] Purpurduif
|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Patagioenas||subvinacea||LA||Costa Rica through Amazonia|
|Patagioenas||subvinacea||berlepschi||se Panama to sw Ecuador|
|Patagioenas||subvinacea||ogilviegranti||Andes of Colombia to ne Bolivia, w Brazil|
|Patagioenas||subvinacea||purpureotincta||se Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas|
|Patagioenas||subvinacea||subvinacea||Costa Rica, Panama|
|Patagioenas||subvinacea||zuliae||ne Colombia, w Venezuela|
It is unpatterned and mainly wine-purple in colour, becoming more rufous on the back. The tail and primary flight feathers are dark brown, the bill is black, and the legs and eyes are purple-red. The female is slightly duller and browner than the male, and the juvenile bird has a greyish brown head, neck and breast, with cinnamon or rufous scaling on the head and upperparts.
Listen to the sound of Ruddy Pigeon
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
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|size min.:||27||cm||size max.:||30||cm|
|incubation min.:||0||days||incubation max.:||0||days|
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The Ruddy Pigeon is a largish pigeon which breeds from Costa Rica south to western Ecuador, Bolivia and central Brazil. In Suriname found in the forest, but probably much moreabundant thand commonly believed.
Dense rain forests with clearings up to 2200 meter. Also found in ripirian woods (Venezuela).
The nest consists of a small loosely constructed platform made out of twigs. It is located in a fork or in a branch of a small tree, approximately 5 meter above ground. Clutch size is one white egg which are laid in June and July (Venezuela). No further data.
Diet consists of tree fruit, seeds and berries. On occasion it descends to the ground to harvest seeds.
This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 6,900,000 kmÂ². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1997). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Sedentary, high elevated populations descent to lower lands outside the breeding season.