|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Patagioenas||flavirostris||flavirostris||s Texas (USA) to e Costa Rica|
|Patagioenas||flavirostris||madrensis||Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)|
|Patagioenas||flavirostris||minima||w Costa Rica|
Listen to the sound of Red-billed Pigeon
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||58||cm||wingspan max.:||61||cm|
|size min.:||33||cm||size max.:||36||cm|
|incubation min.:||18||days||incubation max.:||20||days|
|fledging min.:||22||days||fledging max.:||25||days|
hackberry, mesquite, huisache, ebony, and other trees. Farther south, inhabits dry woodlands of various types, generally avoiding more humid regions of rain forest.
Nest: Site is in tree, large shrub, or tangled vines, usually 8-
30′ above the ground, and usually on horizontal fork in branch. Nest (probably built by both sexes) is flimsy platform of sticks, lined with grasses and stems.
Eggs: 1, rarely 2. White. Incubation apparently by both parents, incubation period not well known. If adults are disturbed on nest, they put on a distraction display, dropping from the nest and fluttering low over the ground.
Apparently fed by both parents. At first, as with other pigeons, probably fed only milky secretions produced in crop (enlarged upper section of esophagus) of adults; later, young receive solid food mixed with this “pigeon milk.” Development of young and
age at first flight not well known. May raise several broods per year in the tropics.
Diet not known in detail. Feeds on many wild fruits and berries, including those of hackberry, mistletoe, wild fig, and many other plants. Also eats many acorns when available, and seeds of a variety of plants.
Behavior: Forages mostly in trees and shrubs, climbing about among the branches to reach berries. Will also come to the ground to feed, including on waste grain in fields. Usually forages in pairs or small flocks.