|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Arenaria||melanocephala||NA||nw||w NA coast|
Listen to the sound of Black Turnstone
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||50||cm||wingspan max.:||55||cm|
|size min.:||22||cm||size max.:||25||cm|
|incubation min.:||21||days||incubation max.:||24||days|
|fledging min.:||1||days||fledging max.:||1||days|
ration and in winter, typically found in rocky sites along coast, such as rocky shoreline, jetties, breakwaters; also on mudflats and sand beaches at times. Breeds in Alaska on wet tundra near estuaries or lagoons, very close to coast.
Nest: Site is on ground, usually close to water among grasses or sedges, either in the open or hidden by tall vegetation. Nest (probably built by both parents) is shallow depression, lined with grasses.
Eggs: 4, sometimes 3. Yellowish green to olive, blotched with dark brown. Incubation is by both sexes, usually 22-24 days.
Downy young leave nest soon after hatching. Both parents tend young at first, but female usually leaves after about 2 weeks, leaving male to care for them; young find all their own food. Young can make short flights after about 23 days, can fly well at a
bout 28-30 days.
Behavior: On coast, forages mostly by walki
ng slowly on rocks. Feeding on acorn barnacle, may insert bill in shell opening and pry it open, or hammer on shell to break it. Limpets and other mollusks are pried from rocks with pointed bill. On beaches, may turn over rocks, shells, or seaweed, seekin
g food underneath.
Apparently follows the coastline closely in spring migration. In fall, some birds may take a shortcut across the Gulf of Alaska, flying southeast across the water from western Alaska rather than taking the long way along the coast.