|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
Listen to the sound of American Woodcock
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||42||cm||wingspan max.:||48||cm|
|size min.:||25||cm||size max.:||31||cm|
|incubation min.:||20||days||incubation max.:||22||days|
|fledging min.:||1||days||fledging max.:||1||days|
th and moist soil, such as thickets along streams. At night may be in open pastures, abandoned farm fields, open swamp edges.
ing calls made vocally. Female visits area, mates with one of the males.
Nest: Site is on ground, usually in open woods or overgrown field. Nest (made by female) is a scrape lined with dead leaves, debris.
Eggs: 4, sometimes 1-3; rarely 5 or more. Eggs buff, blotched brown and gray. Incubation is by female only, 20-22 days.
Young: Downy young leave nest soon after hatching. Female tends young and feeds them. After a few days, young begin probing in soil, learning to search for food. Young can make short flights at age 2 weeks, fly fairly well at 3 weeks.
Earthworms are usually major prey. Insects also important, especially larvae that burrow in soil, such as those of many beetles, crane flies, others. Also eaten are millipedes, spiders, snails. Consumes some plant material, including seeds of grasses, se
Behavior: Feeds mostly by probing with bill in soft soil. Tip of b
ill is sensitive and flexible, allowing bird to detect and then grab creatures in the soil. Sometimes performs odd rocking motion while standing; possibly the vibration from this will disturb earthworms into moving.
Migrates at night. Fall migration influenced by weather, with many driven south by major cold fronts. Spring migration begins very early, some males moving north during January in warm years.