Category: Sturnidae

Flock of Starlings some video’s

Starlings are one of the most numereous birds in the world and extremely gregarious. Outside the breeding season they gather in flocks of hundred of thousands of birds. This quality adds up to one of natures most spectacular views, Starlings flying in a flock. One of the reasons Sturnus vulgaris exhibits this behavior is to […]

Kinematics and mechanics of ground take-off in the starling Sturnis vulgaris and the quail Coturnix coturnix .

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Science Article 4 abstract The mechanics of avian take-off are central to hypotheses about flight evolution, but have not been quantified in terms of whole-body movements for any species. In this study, I use a combination of high-speed video analysis and force plate recording to measure the kinematics and mechanics of ground […]

Host responses against natural and experimental conspecific brood parasitism in the Starling Sturnus vulgaris.

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Science Article 15 abstract Intraspecific brood parasitism in the Starling Sturnus vulgaris was studied inCentralNorway. Before clutch initiation, Starlings recognise and remove parasitic conspecific eggs but are usually not able to do so after they have started to lay eggs themselves. The frequency of natural parasitism was 10%. Since ejection of the […]

The population decline of the starling, Sturnus vulgaris, in GreatBritain: patterns and causes

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Science Article 9 abstract Although the starling has the capacity for explosive population growth, its population in Britain has declined bytwo-thirds over the last 40 years. Here we summarize a major study (Crick et al., 2002) which investigates the reasons for this.The starling is commonest in urban and farmland habitats, though density […]

Population trends of the Finnish starling Sturnus vulgaris, 1952-1998, as inferred from annual ringing totals

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Science Article 3 abstract Finnish starling populations have declined, a phenomenon first noted towards the end of the 1970s. Here we use national ringing totals to estimate changes in the starling population. However, the numbers ringed depend not only on the population size but also on yearly variations in ringing activities. Thus, […]

Predator detection and avoidance by starlingsunder differing scenarios of predation risk

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Science Article 5 abstract Practically all animals must find food while avoiding predators. An individual’s perception of predation risk may depend on manyfactors, such as distance to refuge and group size, but it is unclear whether individuals respond to different factors in a similarmanner. We tested whether flocks of foraging starlings responded […]

The implications of nest site competition from starlings Sturnus vulgaris and the effect of spring temperatures on the timing and breeding performance of great spotted woodpeckers

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Science Article 2 abstract A long-term study of the breeding success of an increasing population of great spotted woodpeckers in southern England has shown that nest survival has increased dramatically and the nesting season advanced over the last 20 years. Nest site interference by starlings was frequently observed in the early years […]

Parasite defence in birds: the role of volatiles

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Science Article 8 abstract European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) mix fresh herbs, preferably species rich in volatile compounds, into their drynest material. By investigating air samples from starling nest boxes, we found that nestlings and their parasites encountervolatile compounds such as sabinene, myrcene, limonene, phelandrene and ocimene, some of them with medicinal properties.We […]

Social experience, vocal learning and social cognition in theEuropean starling, Sturnus vulgaris

Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Science Article 10 abstract European starlings are well known for their rich and varied social life. Recent studies reveal a social organizationbased on same-sex preferences, spatial proximity and vocal sharing in captive groups. Much less is known about socialcognition and the possible role of social experience on the development of cognitive abilities. […]