Brant Goose (Branta bernicla) Science Article 9
On the Dutch Wadden Sea island Texel, spring-fattening Dark-bellied Brent Geese Branta bernicla fed almost exclusively inland on improved grasslands, whereas the remainder of the flyway population utilised coastal salt-marshes elsewhere in the Wadden Sea. There are indications that inland pastures are ‘second choice habitat’ during this important period. During spring-fattening, salt-marsh food plants just started to grow, offering the geese high quality food, while the growth of grasses on the inland pastures started earlier in the season, so that the nutritional value of inland grasses declined in the course of the spring-fattening period. This paper describes the habitat use of spring-fattening Dark-bellied Brent Geese on Texel and compares the reproductive output of pasture feeding and salt-marsh feeding geese. Dark-bellied Brent Geese on Texel overcame the problem of declining grass quality on inland pastures by tuning their grazing pressure to the plant production in such a manner that they kept the grass in the young, protein rich phase.
Spaans B. & Postma P, ARDEA 89 (3): 427-440