Foraging behavior and site selection of Barnacle Geese Branta leucopsis in a traditional and newly colonized spring staging habitat

Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis) Science Article 3

abstract

For three weeks in May the Svalbard Barnacle Geese Branta leucopsis stop to feed on the archipelagos of the Helgeland district, up to 50 km out to sea off western Norway. However, since 1980 an increasing part of the population has moved to a newly exploited agricultural habitat closer to the mainland. This paper compares the foraging performance of geese using the traditional and the new area. Differences between the habitats include asymmetries in time budgets, plant quality, feeding performance and abdominal fatness. We speculate on the relative merits of remaining in previously experienced habitats or moving to unexplored areas. There is some indication that younger geese are less loyal to old sites and are moving to the agricultural habitat. In 1988 18.3% of the geese using the agricultural fields successfully brought offspring back to Scotland compared to 9.6% for the outer island birds, although this difference was not statistically significant.

Black J.M., Deerenberg C. & Owen M., ARDEA 79 (2): 349-358.

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