White chinned Sapphire (Hylocharis cyanus)

White-chinned-Sapphire

[order] Apodiformes | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Hylocharis cyanus | [UK] White-chinned Sapphire | [FR] Saphir azure | [DE] Weisskinn-Saphirkolibri | [ES] Zafiro Cabecimorado | [IT] Colibri zaffiro golabianca | [NL] Witkinsaffierkolibrie

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Hylocharis cyanus SA Amazonia, se
Hylocharis cyanus conversa e Bolivia, n Paraguay, sw Brazil
Hylocharis cyanus cyanus e Brazil
Hylocharis cyanus griseiventris se Brazil to ne Argentina
Hylocharis cyanus rostrata e Peru, ne Bolivia and w Brazil
Hylocharis cyanus viridiventris Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

Physical charateristics

The White-chinned Sapphire have a straight red bill with black tip. A dark blue forehead, crown, cheeks and throat, a coppery rump and green flanks.

Listen to the sound of White-chinned Sapphire

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/W/White-chinned Sapphire.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 8 cm size max.: 9 cm
incubation min.: 14 days incubation max.: 15 days
fledging min.: 20 days fledging max.: 26 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

The White-chinned Sapphire is distributed in the Amazon and Orinoco Basins with disjunct populations around Lake Maracaibo, along the coast of south-east Brazil and into north-east Argentina. In Suriname numerous in the coastal region and savanna.

Habitat

It is found in forest edges, gallery forest, white sand forests and restinga

Reproduction

The nest is a small cup made out of plant fibres. It is built between 1-4 meters up in a tree on a horizontal branch. Clutch size is 2 eggs incubated by female and lasts 14-15 days, young fledge after 20-26 days.

Feeding habits

Nectar of flowering shrubs, during flowering season tree flowers in canopy are visited. Catches insects by hawking and spiders by tree-gelaning. Feeding territory is defended aggressively by male. Feeds at all heights from ground to canopy, sometimes in small groups.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 7,000,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘frequent’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern
White-chinned Sapphire status Least Concern

Migration

Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

White-chinned Sapphire range map

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