|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Amazilia||violiceps||NA, MA||sw USA to sw Mexico|
|Amazilia||violiceps||ellioti||sw USA to nw and c Mexico|
Listen to the sound of Violet-crowned Hummingbird
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||0||cm||wingspan max.:||0||cm|
|size min.:||10||cm||size max.:||11||cm|
|incubation min.:||0||days||incubation max.:||0||days|
|fledging min.:||0||days||fledging max.:||0||days|
In its limited range in the United States, found mostly near groves of tall trees (especially sycamores and cottonwoods) with brushy understory, along flowing streams through the lowlands or lower parts of canyons.
Nest: Site is in deciduous tree, especially sycamore, or large shrub; placed on horizontal branch or in forked twig, in open but shaded spot, 4-
40′ above the ground, typically about 20′ up. Nest (probably built by female alone) is a cup of cottony plant down and other fibers, bound together with spider webs, lined with fine plant down. Outside of nest is camouflaged with lichens, small twigs.
Eggs: 2. White. Incubation probably by female alone; incubation period not well known, probably 2 weeks or more.
Young: Probably fed by female only. Adult provides food by inserting bill in open mouth of young, then regurgitating items from crop. Development of young and age at first flight not well known.
Takes nectar while hovering at flowers; will also perch while feeding if a perch is convenient. Takes tiny insects caught in midair (or sometimes gleaned from foliage), flying out from a perch or hovering over streams to capture them. Readily comes to hu
United States mostly in summer (a few have been known to winter).