Great billed Hermit (Phaethornis malaris)

Great-billed-Hermit

[order] Apodiformes | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Phaethornis malaris | [UK] Great-billed Hermit | [FR] Ermite a long bec | [DE] Dunkler Schattenkolibri | [ES] Ermitano Picogrande | [IT] Colibri del sole beccogrande | [NL] Langsnavel-heremietkolibrie

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Phaethornis malaris SA Amazonia, e Brazil
Phaethornis malaris bolivianus se Peru, Bolivia, w Brazil
Phaethornis malaris insolitus e Colombia, s Venezuela, n Brazil
Phaethornis malaris malaris the Guianas, n Brazil
Phaethornis malaris margarettae e Brazil
Phaethornis malaris moorei e Colombia, e Ecuador, n Peru
Phaethornis malaris ochraceiventris ne Peru, w Brazil

Physical charateristics

The Great-billed has two distinctive physical characteristics, a long curved bill measuring, and a long tail. like other Phaethornis sopecies the brownish yellow stripes above and belong the eye surounding a dark patch are conspicuous. The feathers blend from a dark bronzy-brown head, to a white tipped tail. The female has a smaller wing span and weighs less than the male. The young are identified by grey feathers at the base of the neck and on their back. The throat and chest are dark-grey, undertail overts dark buff, belly buff. rectrices pale buff, upper bill black, lower bill red.

Listen to the sound of Great-billed Hermit

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/G/Great-billed Hermit.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 17 cm
incubation min.: 14 days incubation max.: 16 days
fledging min.: 21 days fledging max.: 24 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

Ranges from Eastern Suriname, French Guyana to Amapa Brazil

Habitat

Prefers the understorey of rainforest, humid upper tropical forest, second growth, bamboo thickets and shrubs.

Reproduction

The female Great-billed hermit lays two eggs in a small densily contructed cup nest with a tail, made of rootlets and attached to the underside of a palm, fern or Heliconia leaf. Clutch size 2 eggs incubated by female only for about 14-16 days. Young fledge after about 20-23 days.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of nectar of flowers and sometimes anthropods.

Conservation

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 3,400,000 km

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