[order] Apodiformes | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Phaethornis malaris | [UK] Great-billed Hermit | [FR] Ermite a long bec | [DE] Dunkler Schattenkolibri | [ES] Ermitano Picogrande | [IT] Colibri del sole beccogrande | [NL] Langsnavel-heremietkolibrie
|Genus||Species||subspecies||Breeding Range||Breeding Range 2||Non Breeding Range|
|Phaethornis||malaris||SA||Amazonia, e Brazil|
|Phaethornis||malaris||bolivianus||se Peru, Bolivia, w Brazil|
|Phaethornis||malaris||insolitus||e Colombia, s Venezuela, n Brazil|
|Phaethornis||malaris||malaris||the Guianas, n Brazil|
|Phaethornis||malaris||moorei||e Colombia, e Ecuador, n Peru|
|Phaethornis||malaris||ochraceiventris||ne Peru, w Brazil|
The Great-billed has two distinctive physical characteristics, a long curved bill measuring, and a long tail. like other Phaethornis sopecies the brownish yellow stripes above and belong the eye surounding a dark patch are conspicuous. The feathers blend from a dark bronzy-brown head, to a white tipped tail. The female has a smaller wing span and weighs less than the male. The young are identified by grey feathers at the base of the neck and on their back. The throat and chest are dark-grey, undertail overts dark buff, belly buff. rectrices pale buff, upper bill black, lower bill red.
Listen to the sound of Great-billed Hermit
Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto
|wingspan min.:||0||cm||wingspan max.:||0||cm|
|size min.:||13||cm||size max.:||17||cm|
|incubation min.:||14||days||incubation max.:||16||days|
|fledging min.:||21||days||fledging max.:||24||days|
Ranges from Eastern Suriname, French Guyana to Amapa Brazil
Prefers the understorey of rainforest, humid upper tropical forest, second growth, bamboo thickets and shrubs.
The female Great-billed hermit lays two eggs in a small densily contructed cup nest with a tail, made of rootlets and attached to the underside of a palm, fern or Heliconia leaf. Clutch size 2 eggs incubated by female only for about 14-16 days. Young fledge after about 20-23 days.
Diet consists of nectar of flowers and sometimes anthropods.
This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 3,400,000 km