[order] Apodiformes | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Thalurania furcata | [UK] Fork-tailed Woodnymph | [FR] Dryade a queue fourchue | [DE] Schwalbennymphe | [ES] Zafiro Golondrina | [IT] Ninfa dei boschi codaforcuta | [NL] Vorkstaartbosnimf
The male has a glittering green throat with violet across the belly and in a narrow band across the back of the neck. Otherwise it is bronzy green above and it has white on its thighs. The female is pale grey below and has white tips on the outer three tail feathers. The bill is black and medium sized but it is variously described as “straight”, “essentially straight” or “slightly decurved”. This may be a function of the differences between subspecies of which there are 13
Listen to the sound of Fork-tailed Woodnymph
The Fork-tailed Woodnymph is found east of the Andes from north east Venezuela to norther Argentina but is missing from the extreme south of Brazil. In Suriname considered the most common forest hummingbird, confined to the interior.
Humid forest and forest edges, taller second growth and semi-open shaded plantations and gardens.
No data available
It likes forest and forest edge habitat and is also found in semi-open areas and gardens. It feeds on both nectar and insects (small flies and ants).
This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 11,000,000 kmÂ². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern
Sedentary throughout range
Title GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION AND SPECIES LIMITS IN MIDDLE AMERICAN WOODNYMPHS (THALURANIA)
Author(s): PATRICIA ESCALANTE-PLIEGO AND A. TOWNSEND PETERSON
Abstract: We analyzed geographic variation in morphology and..[more]..
Source: Wilson Bull., 104(2), 1992, pp. 205-219