Blue-throated Hummingbird (Lampornis clemenciae)

Blue-throated Hummingbird

[order] APODIFORMES | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Lampornis clemenciae | [UK] Blue-throated Hummingbird | [FR] Colibri a gorge bleue | [DE] Blaukehlnymphe | [ES] Colibri Gorgiazul | [NL] Blauwkeeljuweelkolibrie

Subspecies

Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range

Physical charateristics

Note the big tail with its exceptionally large white patches. Male: A very large hummingbird, with black and white streaks around the eye and a light blue
i throat; big black tail with larger white patches.b Female: Large, with evenly gray underparts, white marks on the face, and a big, blue-black tail with
large white corners, as in the male.

Listen to the sound of Blue-throated Hummingbird

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/B/Blue-throated Hummingbird.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 12 cm size max.: 13 cm
incubation min.: 15 days incubation max.: 18 days
fledging min.: 24 days fledging max.: 29 days
broods: 2   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  

Range

North America, Middle America : Southwest USA to Central Mexico

Habitat

Wooded streams in lower canyons of mountains. In its limited range in United States, almost always found near flowing water in shady mountain canyons. Inhabits streamside sycamores, pine-oak woods, coniferous forest.

Reproduction

At least during breeding season, individuals (only males?) perch at mid-levels in trees and call with monotonous repeated squeak. Nest: Site varies, may be 1-
30′ above ground, but typically well sheltered from above. May be low on stalk of flowering plant, on branch sheltered by major overhanging limb, sometimes on exposed root or old phoebe nest on undercut stream bank. Also often place
s nest on wire or ledge under eaves of building or bridge. Nest may be added to and reused several times. Nest (built by female) is a cup of plant fibers, moss, spider webs.
Eggs: 2, sometimes 1. White. Incubation apparently by female only, 17-18 days.
Young: Apparently cared for by female only. Female feeds young by inserting long bill in open mouth of young, regurgitating food from crop. Age of young at first flight about 24-29 days.

Feeding habits

Mostly small insects and nectar. Eats many small insects, also spiders. Feeds on nectar at flowers. Will also feed on sugar-water mixtures.
Behavior:
Does much foraging in middle story of woods, watching from a perch and then flying out to catch passing insects. Will also take insects from foliage, and will pick spiders (and trapped insects) out of spider webs. Takes nectar while hovering at flowers;
will hover or perch at hummingbird feeders to take sugar-water.

Conservation

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Blue-throated Hummingbird status Least Concern

Migration

Southwestern United States to southern Mexico. Mountains of southeastern Arizona, extreme southwestern New Mexico, western Texas (Chisos Mountains). Casual or accidental in California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado. Occasional in summer within dash line.
bMigration: Probably a permanent resident over most of its Mexican range, but most United States birds depart in fall. Sometimes winters (or attempts to) at feeders in canyons in Arizona.

Distribution map

Blue-throated Hummingbird distribution range map

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