Deterring cliff-swallow nesting on highway structures using bioacoustics and surface modifications

American Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) Science Article 3

abstract

Cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) are migratory birds that breed in coloniesand frequently nest on highway structures. Protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of1918, swallows in their active nests cannot be harmed by nesting-control methods. Thiscauses problems and delays in maintenance of structures by divisions of many departmentsof transportation. We evaluated 2 aversion strategies, bioacoustic deterrents and surfacemodifications, for their effect on cliff swallow nesting behavior. The bioacoustic deterrents consisted of sonic devices that broadcast 8 unique recordings of alarm and distress calls of cliff swallows. We made surface modifications, mounting high-density polyethylene sheeting on the vertical surfaces at typical bridge-nesting locations. We used 28 bridges in the Sacramento Valley of California to test the aversion strategies. Both the broadcast calls and polyethylene sheeting treatments significantly reduced the number of nests built at a site, but neither treatment nor the combination of treatments completely stopped nesting, as would be required by transportation departments.

JACLYN S. CONKLIN et al., Human-Wildlife Confl icts 3(1):93-102

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